/ / The UK /
 

The UK


The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is situated on the British Isles. The British Isles consist of two large islands, Great Britain and Ireland, which are separated by the Irish sea, and about five thousand small islands. There are four main parts, which are: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. Their capitals are London, Edinburgh, Cardiff and Belfast.
The British Isles are separated from the continent by the North Sea and the English Cannel. The western coast of Great Britain is washed by the Atlantic Ocean and the Irish Sea.
English is not only the language which people use in the UK. English is the official language. But some people speak Gaelic in western Scotland, Welsh in parts of northern and central Wales.
The flag of the United Kingdom , known as the Union Jack, is made up of three crosses.
The UK is a constitutional monarchy. In law , the Head of State is the Queen. In practice, the Queen reigns, but doesnt rule. The country is ruled by the elected government with the Prime Minister as the head. The British parliament consists of two chambers: the House of Lords and the House of Commons. There are three main political parties in Great Britain: the Labour, the Conservative and the Liberal parties.
Shakespeare called Britain a precious stone set in the silver sea because of its natural beauty. It has a varied countryside where you can find mountains, plains, valleys and sandy beaches. Ben Nevis in Scotland is the highest mountain, but it is only 1343 meters high. There are a lot of rivers in Great Britain, but they arent very long. The Severn is the longest river, while the Thames is the deepest and the most importance one.
The climate in the UK is generally mild and temperate due to the influence of the Gulf Stream. The weather is so changeable that the English often say that they have no climate but only weather. They also say that they have three variants of weather: when it rains in the morning, when it rains in the afternoon or when it rains all day long. Sometimes it rains so heavily that they say Its raining cats and dogs. I can say that the British climate has three main features : it is mild, humid and changeable. That means that it is never too hot or too cold. Winters are mild and snow may comes but it melts quickly. In winter the cold is a humid cold, not dry.
This humid and mild climate is good for plants. Trees and flowers begin to blossom early in spring.
The UK is a highly developed industrial country. It is known as one of the worlds largest producers and exporters of machinery, electronics, textile, aircraft and navigation equipment. One of the chief industries of the country is shipbuilding.
The population of the UK is nearly 59 million people. The population lives mostly in towns and cities and their suburbs. Over 49 million people live in England, over 3 million in Wales, a little over 5 million in Scotland and about 1.5 million in Northern Ireland. Greater London, the south and the southeast are the most densely populated areas.
So, to sum it up, Id like to say, that the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a very interesting country and Id like to go there, but I should know English very well.