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Sights of London


London is one of the most worlds enjoyable cities. Visited by tourists in the millions, the city offers them an astonishing variety of scenes. In this historic city the modern rubs shoulders with the old, the present is ever conscious of the past.
London survived the Plague, which killed nearly 100 000 people, and the Great fire which followed. Also the World War 2 brought tremendous destruction. Many of historical buildings were laid in ruins ant today the face of London is changed.
London has buildings that express all the different areas of its history, for London manages in a unique way to reflect its past and at the same time to fulfil the functions of a modern city. There is always something new to be discovered, some fresh approach to a familiar scene, some curious piece of its history to be investigated.
London is a very beautiful city and there are many styles in its architecture, such as Norman, Gothic, Classical, Victorian, Modern style.
The Norman style is famous for its massive columns and simple decoration. The example of it is the Tower of London, which is the most ancient building in London. It was founded in 11th century on the northern part of the Thames.
Since the times of William the 1st various kings have built and extended the Tower and used it for many purposes. It has been used as a royal palace, an observatory, an arsenal, a state prison, and many famous and infamous people was accused and executed. Now it is a museum.
The ravens whose forefathers used to find food in the Tower still live here. There is a legend that if the ravens disappear the Tower will fall. Thats why they are carefully guarded [ga : ded].
The Tower is guarded by the Yeomen Warders [ joumenwo:dez], called Beefeaters. Their uniform is as it used to be in Tudor times.
One more sight of London is the Houses of Parliament. This structure is a remarkable example of Gothic architecture. The Clock Tower, which contains the hour-bell called Big Ben, is known the world over.
The Houses of Parliament, called officially the palace of Westminster, were formerly a palace for monarchs.
Westminster Abbey is a national shrine where the monarchs are crowned and famous people are buried.
The Abbey is the work of many hands and different ages. It was a monastery for a long time.
The Chapel of Henry the 7th with its delicate fan-vaulting so wonderfully sculptured, that seems unreal.
The Abbey is also famous for its stained glass and the oaken Coronation Chair made in 1300. There is the Tomb of the Unknown Warrior a symbol of the nations grief.
St. Pauls Cathedral has always dominated the center of London. The building, completed in the 16th century, is the work of the architect Sir Christopher Wren.
Londoners have a particular affection for St. Pauls, which is the largest protestant church in England.
Its high dome, containing the remarkable Whispering Gallery, is a prominent landmark towering above the multi-storeyed buildings which line the river-bank.
If I were in London the place which I would firstly visit is the natural center of the city Trafalgar Square. It was so named to commemorate Nelsons victory at the Battle of Trafalgar. The monument in the center, known as Nelsons column, is surmounted with a Statue of Nelson 16 feet high. At the base of the Column are 4 lions.
The Square has now become a huge traffic island. When it is not used for demonstrations, its full of visitors.
On the north side of the square are the National Gallery and the National Portrait Gallery. But in fact, the National Gallery can be called International, because there are collections of paintings from British, Italian, French and other famous schools.
Of course one of the main parts of any city is its transport. The transport of London includes the Underground (called the tube), buses and taxies.
There are some kinds of buses:
request a bus will only stop if you put out your arm in good time.
compulsory a bus will automatically stop even if it is full.
Night buses.
Londons famous buses are in all shapes and sizes, many are still red but some companies buses are in their own colours.
And now Id like to give some pieces of advice for people who are going to London.
change money before you go to London. It will save your time.
the tube is quicker than the bus, but you dont see as much!
Check your change in shop as soon as you are given it
Dont take your passport and different valuables with you, because like every big city London has pickpockets.
If you havent got much money, take your own food, because it can be expensive.